Division of Carbohydrate Chemistry

ACS CARB

Division History

The American Chemical Society

DIVISION OF CARBOHYDRATE CHEMISTRY

         The birth of this Division in 1919 was a dramatic event following the strong determination of a number of sucrose-oriented scientists to unite in a formal organization. Since most of the prime motivators in this group, among them C. A. Browne, F. Bates, W. D. Horne, S. J. Osborn, and F. W. Zerban, were members of the American Chemical Society, application was made on September 3, 1919 to become a section or division of the Society. Approval by the Society for the formation of a "Section of Sugar Chemistry" came within two hours. The first formal session of papers was held in St. Louis in 1920. Since only a half-day session was allotted for papers, many of them were presented by titles, only. A robust "Division of Sugar Chemistry and Technology" was granted full division status at the Rochester Meeting of the American Chemical Society in April, 1921. In a short time, corn industry representatives, led by W. B. Newkirk, joined the Division.

           Although the papers presented before the Division in the early years dealt primarily with technical matters in sugar production, several notable sugar scientists participated in sessions held jointly with the Cellulose, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Divisions. J. C. Irvine contributed papers in 1923, 1924, and 1926. C. S. Hudson enunciated in 1925 his classic rule setting forth the relationship between rotatory power and structure in the sugar group. In the 1928-1932 period, contributions to the Division's program came from other government scientists, among them H. S. Isbell, J. K. Dale and R. F. Jackson. The impact of these papers led to the change in the name of the Division to the "Division of Sugar Chemistry" in 1932. The first major session of papers contributed by a group from academia occurred in 1938 beginning with papers on sugar nomenclature contributed by C. D. Hurd, M. L. Wolfrom, R. S. Tipson, and R. C. Hockett. During the 1940-1950 decade, a marked increase occurred in presented papers which were concerned with fundamental carbohydrate research. In the first three decades of its existence, 939 papers were presented before the Division, of which 613 were industrial in nature.

            Early in the 1940's, the Division began to give an "Honor Award of the Division of Sugar Chemistry" at its annual fall dinner to a notable worker in the field. The recipient in 1946 was C. S. Hudson, and the event was commemorated further by designating the honor "The Claude S. Hudson Award" after his death. Early recipients of the Award were industry-oriented scientists. After a decade, nearly all were from academia. Following an intensely partisan debate(sugarproduction group versus classical carbohydrate research group), the name of the Division was again changed in 1952 to its present title, "The Division of Carbohydrate Chemistry."

          Fortunately, one of the founders of the Division, C. A. Browne, was a chemical historian. Another founder, F. W. Zerban, using Browne as a source, prepared a history of the first 20 years of the Division. This document was published in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 17, p. 119 in the February 20, 1939 issue. Reprints of the article and a copy of the original manuscript are in the Division Archives. The writer became the first designated Historian of the Division in 1970. In the 1970 through 1989 years the Division sponsored 95 symposia. Reflecting the trends of the times, these symposia dealt with sugars in antibiotics; glycoproteins and glycolipids; industrial utilization of polysaccharides; thermal, physical, and chromatographic analysis of carbohydrates; photochemistry of sugar derivatives; and new synthetic methods in carbohydrates. During this period, the number of papers presented at the national meetings of the Society peaked at 101 during the 1988 spring meeting of the Society. Round-table (1987) and poster sessions (1988 & 1989) became a part of the Division's national meeting programs. Recognition of these and other of the Division's programs came in 1989 when the Division received the Outstanding Performance Award from the Society.

          During the 1980's changes were made in Divisional awards programs. The C. S. Hudson Award became an ACS award in 1983, and the eligibility was extended to chemists worldwide. At the Divisional level, the Melville L. Wolfrom Award was established in 1985 to recognize an individual who had made outstanding contributions to the field and/or to the Division, and the Horace S. Isbell Award was established in 1986 to recognize a chemist of age 41 or under who had made significant contributions to the field.

          In the 1990's the Division has continued its innovative and scientific programs by offering workshops in the utilization of nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, highperformance chromatography and other tools used in carbohydrate research. These workshops coupled with timely symposia on carbohydrate based drugs, molecular modeling, and new synthetic methods have led to continued growth in the Division's technical programs, with a peak of 119 papers presented at the spring 1994 meeting.

       The Division has sponsored the publication of the works of two of its celebrated members. "The Collected Papers of C. S. Hudson" (edited by R. M. Hann & N. K. Richtmyer) in 1946 and "The Collected Papers of H. S. Isbell" (edited by H. S. El Khadem & H. L. Frush) in 1988. The membership of the Division continues to increase, growing from 382 (1960) to 735 (1986) to over 1,100 names in 1996.

Wendell W. Binkley, Historian

(edited from the 1993 CARB Division Handbook)

 

 

 

Public Notice - 2017

The annual Tax Return and books of the U.S. Advisory Commmittee for the International Carbohydrate Symposia Inc., for 2016 are available for public inspection.  Contact Peter Andreana.  (USPS - 04/08/2017 - 0001191488).

Carbohydrates Gordon Research Conference, Mount Snow, West Dover, VT

 

254th National Meeting Countdown - Washington, DC

 

255th National Meeting Countdown - New Orleans, LA



Latest News

Congratulations to Prof. Carolyn Bertozzi on recieving the 2017 ACS Arthur C. Cope Award.  For more information please see this link!

Latest News

The 2017 winner of the Hudson Award is David Crich, Schaap Professor of Organic Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

For more information click here!

Latest News

Election Results

Congratulations are in order for:

Peter Andreana has won Chair Elect

David Crich and George O'Doherty have won Member-At-Large

David Crich has won Awards Committee

Latest News

The inaugural Derek Horton Award in Industrial Carbohydrate Chemistry has been won by Dr. Francesco Berti representing GSK Glycoconjugate Vaccine Group in Siena, Italy.

Latest News

Congratulations to Prof. Carolyn Bertozzi on becoming a 2016 ACS Fellow.

Latest News

The CARB Division wants to congratulate winners of the following 2016 CARB Division Awards:

Melville L. Wolfrom Award - Xuefei Huang, Michigan State University

Horace S. Isbell Award - Laura K. Mahal, New York University

David Y. Gin Young Investigator Award - Zhongping Tan, University of Colorado, Boulder 

Latest News

Latest News

The Roy L. Whistler International Award in Carbohydrate Chemistry for 2016 goes to Professor Benjamin G. Davis, Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford, UK.

For more information click here!

Latest News

The International Carbohydrate Organization is delighted to announce that the Young Researcher Award for 2016 has been awarded to Dr Benjamin Swarts, Central Michigan University, USA.

For more information click here!

More Latest News

Congradulations are in order for Dr. Geert-Jan Boons, Distinguished Professor in Biochemical Sciences at the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center and The University of Georgia, who has received the 2016 Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award from the American Chemical Society for seminal contributions to glycoscience by developing novel methods for oligosaccharide assembly, preparation of important glycoconjugates, and their use in biological studies.

More Latest News

Check out the Division's Fall 2017 Newsletter!

Ideas for Future Carbohydrate Division Symposia

If you have ideas for future Carbohydrate Division symposia, these can be directed to Steven J. Sucheck, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Toledo, OH 43606 USA. Phone: 1-419-530-1930  Email: steve.sucheck@utoledo.edu

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